From Buckingham to Big Ben: Must-See Landmarks on Your London Adventure

London's Landmarks


London, the capital of the United Kingdom, is a city brimming with history, culture, and iconic landmarks. From majestic palaces to imposing clock towers, London’s architectural wonders offer a glimpse into its storied past and enduring heritage. In this article, we will take you on a tour of some of the must-see landmarks that define the essence of London and should be on every traveler’s itinerary.

Buckingham Palace – The Royal Residence

1. Changing of the Guard

Buckingham Palace, the official residence of the British monarch, is one of the most recognized landmarks in the world. The Changing of the Guard ceremony, a tradition dating back to the 17th century, is a highlight of any visit to Buckingham Palace. Witness the immaculately uniformed guards as they perform the ceremonial handover, accompanied by the stirring sounds of the regimental band.

2. State Rooms

During the summer months, visitors have the opportunity to explore the State Rooms of Buckingham Palace. Marvel at the opulent interiors adorned with priceless artworks, exquisite furniture, and magnificent chandeliers. The State Rooms offer a glimpse into the lives of the British Royal Family and their ceremonial duties.

3. The Royal Mews

Adjacent to Buckingham Palace is the Royal Mews, a working stable and carriage house that houses the Royal Family’s collection of historic carriages, coaches, and state vehicles. Admire the grandeur of the Gold State Coach, used for coronations, and learn about the fascinating history of royal transportation.

Tower of London – A Fortress and Palace

1. The White Tower

The Tower of London, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a symbol of power, intrigue, and resilience. The White Tower, its central keep, was built by William the Conqueror in the 11th century and has served as a fortress, royal residence, and a prison. Explore the tower’s dark and fascinating history, including its role as the home of the Crown Jewels.

2. Crown Jewels

A visit to the Tower of London is not complete without seeing the Crown Jewels, a dazzling collection of regalia used in royal ceremonies. Marvel at the crowns, scepters, orbs, and other treasures, including the world-famous Koh-i-Noor diamond.

3. Beefeaters and Ravens

Meet the Yeoman Warders, popularly known as Beefeaters, who have guarded the Tower of London for centuries. They offer engaging and informative guided tours that bring the tower’s history to life. Don’t forget to look out for the resident ravens, as legend has it that if they leave, the kingdom will fall.

The Palace of Westminster – The Political Heart

1. Houses of Parliament

The Palace of Westminster, often referred to as the Houses of Parliament, is the seat of the United Kingdom’s government. Its iconic neo-Gothic architecture and the Elizabeth Tower, home to the world-famous Big Ben, make it one of London’s most recognizable landmarks.

2. Big Ben

Though often used to refer to the entire clock tower, “Big Ben” technically refers to the Great Bell housed within. This magnificent timepiece has become a symbol of London and its timeless heritage. Unfortunately, as of the time of writing, Big Ben’s iconic chimes are temporarily silenced for renovation works, but the clock tower remains a sight to behold.

3. Westminster Hall

Westminster Hall, the oldest part of the Palace of Westminster, has witnessed numerous historic events over the centuries. It hosted royal banquets, trials, and speeches, including the state trials of notable figures like Sir Thomas More and Guy Fawkes. Admire its impressive hammerbeam roof and soak in the ambiance of centuries of history.

St. Paul’s Cathedral – A Baroque Masterpiece

1. The Dome

Designed by Sir Christopher Wren after the Great Fire of London, St. Paul’s Cathedral is an architectural marvel that dominates the city skyline. The iconic dome is one of the largest in the world and offers stunning panoramic views of London from the Whispering Gallery and the Golden Gallery.

2. The Crypt

Beneath the cathedral lies the crypt, the final resting place of notable figures such as Sir Christopher Wren, Admiral Lord Nelson, and the Duke of Wellington. Explore this subterranean space and learn about the cathedral’s history and its connections to British luminaries.

3. The Whispering Gallery

Climb up to the Whispering Gallery, located within the dome, to experience its unique acoustic properties. Whisper near the wall, and your voice will carry and be audible to someone standing on the opposite side, almost 112 feet away.

The London Eye – A Modern Icon

1. The View from Above

The London Eye, a giant Ferris wheel on the South Bank of the River Thames, offers breathtaking views of the city’s landmarks from its glass-enclosed capsules. On a clear day, you can see as far as Windsor Castle and the surrounding countryside.

2. Sunset and Nighttime Rides

For a truly magical experience, consider taking a ride on the London Eye during sunset or at night when the city’s lights create a stunning display. It’s a perfect way to capture unforgettable photographs of London’s skyline.

3. River Thames Cruises

Combine your visit to the London Eye with a River Thames cruise for a different perspective of the city’s landmarks. Cruises offer a relaxing way to see attractions such as the Tower of London, Houses of Parliament, and the Shard, while learning about London’s maritime history.


Can I visit the interior of Big Ben and climb the clock tower?

As of the time of writing, the interior of Big Ben is closed to visitors due to renovation works. However, you can still admire the clock tower from the outside and enjoy its architectural beauty.

Are there long queues to enter these landmarks, and how can I avoid them?

Some of the landmarks, like Buckingham Palace and the London Eye, can have long queues, especially during peak tourist seasons. To avoid waiting, consider booking tickets in advance online or arriving early in the day.

Is photography allowed inside these landmarks?

Photography is generally allowed inside most landmarks, but flash photography and the use of tripods may be prohibited. Be sure to check the specific rules and guidelines at each attraction.

Are these landmarks accessible for visitors with mobility challenges?

Most of the landmarks mentioned in this article have provisions for visitors with mobility challenges, including wheelchair access and elevators. However, it is advisable to check the accessibility details on the official websites of each attraction before planning your visit.

Can I explore all these landmarks in one day?

Exploring all these landmarks in a single day may be challenging due to their size and the time needed to fully appreciate each one. It is best to plan your itinerary strategically, grouping nearby landmarks and allowing ample time for each visit.


London’s iconic landmarks form the heart and soul of this magnificent city, each one a testament to its rich history, culture, and enduring legacy. From the regal Buckingham Palace and the Tower of London’s storied past to the majestic St. Paul’s Cathedral and the modern icon of the London Eye, these must-see landmarks offer a kaleidoscope of experiences that will leave you in awe. Whether you’re captivated by the pageantry of the Changing of the Guard or mesmerized by the panoramic views from the London Eye, these landmarks will undoubtedly leave an indelible mark on your London adventure, making it an unforgettable journey through time and architectural marvels.

Also Read: Captivating Cityscapes: Unveiling the World’s Most Stunning Skylines

You may also like

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

More in Travel